John Mercer Langston
(December 14, 1829- November 15, 1899)
Pictured above: John Mercer Langston was an abolitionist, attorney, educator, activist, diplomat and politician in the United States. He was the youngest of 4 children who was born to freed blacks in Louisa County Virginia 1829. The house above belonged to him and is now an National Historic Landmark in Oberlin, Ohio.
Pictured above: Now and then. The John Mercer Langston Elementary School in Washington D.C. located at 33 P Street NW which opened in 1902 for black students.
Pictured above: Some of John Mercer Langston books available on Amazon.
Pictured above: A family legacy with Langston Hughes his great uncle John Mercer Langston and the great-grandfather of Langston Hughes, Charles Henry Langston.
Pictured above: Langston University established in 1897 in Oklahoma.
Pictured above: Langston’s Alma Mater Oberlin college in Ohio where he received his B.A and M.A.
Pictured above: Howard University in the 1800’s where John M. Langston was the 1st Dean of this all black law school he started. He was also the 1st African-American lawyer.
Pictured above: John 68 and his wife 82 Caroline Matilda Wall whom he married and had 5 children with in 1854, buried together in Washington D.C.
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Charles F. Gardner
( 1886-1951)Elfrida, Arizona
Pictured above: Charles F. Gardner- the owner of the only Negro store of its kind in the electrician and locksmith business. This shop was located in Chicago, Illinois on 2933 State Street during circa 1899.
Pictured above: Marian Anderson born February 27, 1897-April 8, 1993 in Philadelphia.
Pictured above: Marian Anderson performing her first open-air concert in front of Lincoln Memorial on April 8, 1939 and continued breaking the record in the United States when on January 7, 1955 as the first African -American who she sang at the Metropolitan Opera House. After her death she was honored with her own postage stamp.
Pictured above: Marian met many people, received a Kennedy Center Honor in 1978 for her lifetime achievements. She won a Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963 along with another African-American named Ralph Bunche. She also but was banned from singing at the Constitution Hall in 1939 because of the (DAR) so she sang at Lincoln Memorial with the honor of having The President and First Lady Roosevelt’s support.
Pictured above: Marian Anderson books and music dedicated to the memory of great opera singer.
Pictured above: Marian Anderson died at the age of 96 April 8 at the home of her nephew conductor James DePreist and is buried Eden Cemetery in Collingdale, Pennsylvania. She was married to Orpheus Hodge King.
Moses Fleetwood Walker
October 7, 1856-May 11, 1924
Pictured above: Moses is sitting grouped with his (minor league) Oberlin College Team in 1880’s.
Pictured above: Walker is posing with the (AA) Toledo Blue Stockings of 1884. He joined the team on May 1, 1884 and played 42 games, averaged .263, scored 23 runs until he injured his ribs and he was let go in September 22, 1884. On August 23, 1889, Walker was also the last Negro to play in the International league until Jackie Robinson.
Pictured above: left to right- Weldy Walker and his brother Moses Walker. Both played for Toledo Blue Stockings. Him and his brother owned the Union Hotel in Steubenville Ohio and managed an Opera House in Ohio.
Pictured above: Moses Walker was married to Arbella Taylor after college and had one child. She later died of cancer at 32 years old on June 12, 1895. Three years later, he got remarried to a Ednah Jane Mason the same year he was sentenced for mail robbery and tragically she died May 26, 1920. He died on May 11, 1924 from lobar pneumonia in Cleveland, Ohio and buried next to his first wife in Union Cemetery-Beatty Park also buried there is his younger brother Weldy Walker.
Setting the record straight……
Pictured above: William Edward White was discovered as the first African-American to play for the Stockings in 1879 but because he lived his life as a white man he never received credit for being the first so Moses Fleetwood Walker took the plate in 1884 when he joined the (AA) in 1884. During his reign, his brother Weldy Walker followed him as third African-American to play while Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in 1947.
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Thomas Mundy Peterson a.k.a Thomas Henry Peterson
(October 6, 1824-February 4, 1904)
Pictured above: African-American men standing in line for the first time to vote on March 31, 1870 including Thomas Mundy Peterson who was first in line.
Pictured above: Thomas Mundy Peterson was honored with a Gold Medallion from the city of Perth Amboy, New Jersey after raising money for the town. He said that it was a symbol of great accomplishment for him so he wore it proudly all the time.
Pictured Above: (Then and now) Thomas Mundy Peterson was also given the honor of having a school named after him in 1989 on State Street Perth Amboy, New Jersey. They declared March 31 a city holiday named after Thomas Mundy Peterson.
Pictured Above: Him and his wife were buried at the St. Pete’s church in New Jersey with an honorary grave site by the citizens of Perth Amboy.
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John Willis Menard-(April 3, 1838-October 9, 1893)
Pictured above: Born in New Orleans, Louisiana he was the first African-American to serve in Congress.
Pictured above: John Willis Menard addressing the House of Representatives in 1869 as he takes his seat in Congress.
Pictured above: John Willis Menard attended both Ohio Central College , Muskingum University and Iberia College which is his Alma Mater.
Pictured above: John Menard was a novelist who wrote about his time in Florida and was an advocate for civil rights during his active years in Congress.
Pictured above: John Willis Menard died at the age of 55 and buried in the District of Columbia at Graceland Cemetery and he was survived by a daughter named Alice Menard(who is unknown at this time)
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“Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.” M.L.K
January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968
Martin Luther King Jr. born in Atlanta, Georgia. He was an American Baptist Minister and Spokesperson/Leader in the Civil Rights Movement from 1954-1968. He is known for his famous speech for equality, peace and being free.
“Faith is taking the first step even when you don’t see the whole staircase.” M.L.K
The Campaigns he took on during his years before his assassination in 1968 made history such as:
Montgomery Bus Boycott, Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom, Youth March for Integrated Schools, Albany Movement, Birmingham Campaign, Walk to Freedom, March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, St. Augustine Movement, Selma to Montgomery marches, Chicago Open Housing Movement, March Against Fear, Memphis Sanitation strike and the Poor People’s campaign.
Children’s books that celebrate his life.
“Darkness cannot drive out darkness only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate only love can do that.” M.L.K
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